Saint Petersburg – one of the most popular cities of Russia. Every year thousands of tourists come to him, to look at the architecture and culture of the country to meet with. However, not everyone knows, where to go in St. Petersburg.
A visit to the Hermitage
learning, where to go in St. Petersburg, the first thing tourists hear about the Hermitage. It is a museum complex and consists of 5 buildings, that extend along the Palace Embankment. Earlier Catherine II there collecting works of art. For this and the Hermitage was built, which translated from French means a place for solitude. The construction now called the Small Hermitage. For ordinary people, rooms with collections became available in the mid 19 century.
The first building was the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. He was the official residence of the rulers to 4 of the year 19 century. author of the project is architect Rastrelli, using the Baroque style. At the end of the revolution all the buildings were unified and the museum has been created. Hermitage currently has more than 3 million works of art in an area of 33000 square meters. Paintings and other exhibits are presented from different eras. Inspect all the rooms at once impossible. Therefore, the museum is so popular even among those, who is not the first time arrives in St. Petersburg.
The museum can be reached from the Palace Square of St. Petersburg, is equal to the size of 5 hectares. Previously, there was a meadow Petersburg Admiralty. After that, as it is divided, It began the construction of Nevsky Prospekt and a number of streets, construction of new buildings. The square itself became a subsidiary to military action. Palace area formed Winter Palace, Head staff, Guards corps, Arc de Triomphe and the Alexander Column St. Petersburg.
Hermitage Museum of St. Petersburg visited by many tourists every year, making it one of the most popular art galleries in the world. He organized several facilities:
- Winter Palace;
- small Hermitage;
- Great Hermitage;
- new Hermitage;
- Hermitage theater
- Outbuildings – a spare house Palace and the Hermitage garage.
In addition to the main buildings on the Palace Embankment Petersburg, Hermitage form Menshikovsky Palace, eastern pavilion of the General Staff, Museum of porcelain production of St. Petersburg and the Russian Guards and heraldry.
Hermitage exposition is quite extensive. It includes painting, sculpture, sarcophagi, statuettes and other products. Also there are rooms with jewels. The collection of paintings includes works by artists such, how Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Robert Campin, Francisco de Goya, Peter Rubens, Rembrandt, Claude Monet, Vincent Van Gogh, Yuri Repin. The Hermitage, you can see such pictures, as the Benois Madonna, Danae, portraits of soldiers and members of royal families. The collection is one of the world's richest.
One place, where to go in St. Petersburg, It is the Peter and Paul Fortress. It is located on Hare Island. According to legend, Peter I just stepped on this island and said, that there be a city. The fortress was impregnable, I have not suffered a single battle. The first conclusion was the son of Emperor Alexei Petrovich. He was sentenced to imprisonment, as he tried to overthrow his father from the throne. When Alex died, He was ordered to bury him in the Peter and Paul Cathedral St. Petersburg, who had just erected.
The fortress is an imperial prison Petersburg. At one time in her Maxim Gorky and Fyodor Dostoevsky were concluded. was unknown exactly how many prisoners, but no one could escape. It was not only a prison. Also possession of the fortress of St. Petersburg was the tomb. In it all the emperors of the Romanovs are buried, following after Peter I.
Museum complex of St. Petersburg Peter and Paul Fortress includes such buildings, as:
- Peter and Paul Cathedral, which includes the tomb of the emperors;
- Grand Ducal Burial Vault;
- St. Petersburg Mint;
- Botnia and engineering home;
- Museum of Military History;
- Trubetskoi Bastion prison;
- Space and Rocket Museum;
- Naryshkin Bastion.
learning, where to go in St. Petersburg, tourist finds, it is possible to visit the exhibition "History of St. Petersburg and Petrograd 1703-1918 years "and" History of the Peter and Paul Fortress ". Every day at noon are shot out of a cannon from the Naryshkin Bastion.
Entrance to the complex itself free, but have to pay for visits to museums and expositions.
The Russian Museum
learning, where to go in St. Petersburg, man finds an opportunity to visit the Russian Museum. Here is the largest collection of works by Russian masters of art. The buildings were built under Alexander III, but open to the public, they were only, when the throne was Nicholas I in 1898 year. The Russian Museum of St. Petersburg can be found many of the works of Russian masters. At this point in holding such creations of world art, like "The Last Days of Pompeii" authorship Bryullov and "The Ninth Wave" by Aivazovsky. The museum has more than 400 thousands of exhibits.
The State Russian Museum is the museum complex. His exposure are in different corners of St. Petersburg. The main part is in 5 main buildings. The list includes:
- Mikhailovsky Palace. He is the main building of the museum all. There is also the exhibition center Benoit. He was named in honor of Duke Mikhail Pavlovich, which first mastered this manor. Construction was completed in 1825 year. Architect and author of the project was Rossi. After the death of the ruler of the palace has been forwarded to the state treasury. AT 1898 over restructuring under the command of architect Svinyin, forming Museum. In the same year in the case opened Russian Museum of Alexander III in the area over 24 thousand. square meters. Benois Wing was added in 1920 year. It is named after its architect Benoit and is an exhibition pavilion of the Art Academy. Located on the street Engineering in St. Petersburg.
- Engineers castle. It also bears the name in honor of St. Michael the Archangel Michael, who was a patron of the Imperial House of Romanov. It was built by the architect Bazhenov in 1801 year. It was originally the residence of the Emperor in St. Petersburg, but when he was killed, the castle passed under the residential apartments. Then, the estate was transferred under the Engineering School, which subsequently became the reason to rename the Engineers' Castle. AT 1991 he was put into operation the Russian Museum. The area of the castle is 21 thousand. square meters. It situated on Sadovaya Street.
- The Marble Palace. It was designed by architect Rinaldi and was presented to Count Orlov. For a time, the building was put into operation the Russian Academy of History. Since 1937 by 1991 year, it was a branch of the Lenin Museum. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the palace was given possession of the Russian Museum of St. Petersburg, after which the reconstruction. Location – street-Millionth.
- Domyk Peter I. This is the first in the Russian Federation Monument Museum. He was placed in 1703 year. The building is the oldest in the territory of St. Petersburg. By decree of the emperor house was fitted with a protective gallery to save. Now it looks like a box with windows of bricks. The location of the Museum – Petrovskaya embankment of St. Petersburg.
- Summer garden. He is one of the most beautiful parks on the territory of St. Petersburg. The structure of the Russian Museum came only through 4 years after the 21 century. In the summer the garden is not only a park, but also a collection of statues made of marble, Peter I of flight dvorets, houses for tea. It is located on the same island.
- Stroganov Palace. Named after the Counts Stroganov. Construction was completed in the middle 18 century, when he was pereobrazovan architect Rastrelli. It was originally a branch of the Hermitage Museum of St. Petersburg gallery, however, 1988 It was entered into the possession of the Russian Museum. Located on Nevsky Prospekt.
figuring out, where to go in St. Petersburg, person learns, Curiosities that is one of the largest anthropological and ethnographic museums. In it are located exhibits, telling about the culture and traditions of the peoples of the world. As the exhibits are the everyday objects, clothes, relics, ornamentation. The museum is best known for its anatomical exhibits, which explores the various anomalies. The museum is the first of all in Russia, It was founded by Peter I.
The emperor created him after a trip to Europe. There he saw a different collection of anatomical wonders. They are so interested in him, he bought the whole collection, as well as various rarities in the form of tools, weapons and books. These exhibits were the basis of Peter's Kunstkammer in St. Petersburg. Initially they were placed in the Summer Palace, where Peter I founded the Russian cabinet of curiosities. Subsequently, all the exhibits could not fit in one place, therefore, a separate room has been constructed. structure, which is now an ethnographic museum, It was built in the period from 1718 to 1734 year. Then the whole collection has been concentrated in the East Hall. In the northern part located dissecting, tower occupied Gottorp globe with the Observatory. In the western part was a branch of the Academy of Sciences, where he worked Lomonosov. TO 1830 , the collection was so vast, the museum is divided into zoological, ethnographic, botanical and mineralogical part.
The composition of the cabinet of curiosities to date include such exposure, as:
- exposure M. AT. Lomonosov and the Academy of Sciences;
- the history of the construction of the Kunstkammer;
- astronomicheskaya Observatory;
- Large academic Globe;
- saved the first collection;
- Exposure on the various people of the world, such as North and South America, Indo-China, Japan, Korea, Middle East.
The museum is a large collection of collections artifacts, telling about the culture of the peoples. Particular attention of tourists are always attracted to the first collection, which were introduced by Peter I in St. Petersburg. These exposure represents exhibits, which explores the different anatomical anomalies. At the time, the Emperor ordered, to people with various disabilities were invited in order to demonstrate the features of the Cabinet of Curiosities. They lived at the museum.
Razbirayasy, where to go in St. Petersburg, worth visiting cruiser Aurora. This is the first ship-museum in St. Petersburg. During the Russian-Japanese War and World War II, he was a defender of Russia, He participated in the cruising crew in the Baltic Fleet.
When in February 1917 Aurora wanted to take a year out of the city, sailors are not allowed to do so and raise a red flag, implies a revolution. According to the legend, He came on board pretty woman with bloody hands and gave the corresponding order. In October 1917 year with Aurora produced blank shot, which was the signal for the beginning of seizure Winter Petersburg Palace.
At the moment, the museum-ship is a branch of the Central Naval Museum, which is also a place, where to go in St. Petersburg. Cruiser is one of the symbols of the city. His visit is as popular, as well as hiking in the Hermitage and Russian Museum. Is the ship-museum on Petrovskaya Embankment Petersburg.
Museum of Russian poets and writers
learning, where to go in St. Petersburg, tourists find, that the city is full of museums, dedicated to Russian literary figures. One of them is the Museum of Alexander Pushkin, made under the apartment. It is located on the Moika mansion, once belonged to Prince Volkonsky. the writer's family moved to this room at the beginning of autumn 1836 of the year. Alexander rented 11 rooms. Here he was, after a duel with Dantes, and in February 1837 year-bye to life in his office in St. Petersburg.
The living area was restored with the help of eyewitnesses. They talked about their memories of the apartment interior. Tourists can see the last resting place of Alexander. In the office, you can find a table for writing, chair and sofa, where he died. Among other exhibits are allocated a lock of his hair, decoration Natalia Goncharova, portraits of their children.
figuring out, where to go in St. Petersburg, in addition to housing Pushkin, you can visit the museum of the poet Anna Akhmatova. It is located on the Fontanka. The house was originally a palace Sheremetev. But for a long time, there lived the poet Anna Akhmatova with her husband. From the house of her family members were taken to prison, and she prepares for evacuation of Petersburg. At the same place back. There were created many of her works. At the moment the house is a museum. Yard of the Fountain House is a popular place among the city's writers. There, if the weather in St. Petersburg, going to the local poets to, to share their poems. In addition to the Anna Akhmatova Museum there is a separate building in honor of Brodsky, which recreated his apartment in America.
figuring out, where to go in St. Petersburg, tourist learns, that another well-known writer, in whose honor the city museum was created, is Fyodor Dostoevsky. His house was on the street of the same name near the Forge market. Where the famous writer lived until his death and created a work of "The Brothers Karamazov". The basis of the museum went to the archives, provided that the grandson of the writer. The living area is recreated according to the recollections of those, who once visited it during the life of Dostoevsky in St. Petersburg. Housing is an ordinary apartment in a block of flats. Outside, the atmosphere is practically not changed, It is a big street with the market and the temple.
Saint Isaac's Cathedral
figuring out, where to go in St. Petersburg, it is impossible to ignore the great cathedrals and churches of this city. St. Isaac's Cathedral is one of them. Today it is the largest Orthodox church in St. Petersburg. He is one of the highest domed structures in the world. Originally wooden church was built in 1710 year, in which Peter later married his second wife. A little later it was replaced by a stone church, and the third part of the temple was built in the 2 half of 18 century. Soon, however, it was decided, that the church is not suitable for development of the city. Alexander I announced a contest and through 9 year approved the project of the French architect Montferrand.
Through 40 s St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg was built. The result exceeded expectations. Cathedral museum called colored stones, since it was used 43 minerals, rocks. The walls are made of gray marble. On all sides were built 8 columned porticoes, which are decorated with statues and bas-reliefs. The dome is surrounded by granite columns. At this, to gild it, it was used 100 kg gold. He painted from the inside. I work on this master Karl Bryullov. Famous artists were brought to decorate the interior of the temple. The cathedral is greater 100 m. It accommodates up to 12 thousand. person.
The temple was destroyed after the Revolution. Taken out therefrom precious metals, at 1928 year of service were terminated. During the war years in the basement kept artwork, brought from palaces and museums. The dome was repainted gray, to disguise it, but failed to protect. As the museum's St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg, he began work in 1948 year. On Sundays, church services are held, as well as regular events.
learning, where to go in St. Petersburg, Special attention is given colonnade. It is a popular viewing area of the city. height is 43 m, which can be viewed on the Neva River and the city center. Especially in demand place during the White Nights. Climb the stairs walking.
Savior on Spilled Blood
The second cathedral, where to go in St. Petersburg, is the Savior on the Spilled Blood. He is a museum and a monument of Russian architecture. It was built according to the instructions of Alexander III in the place, where the mortally wounded the previous ruler, Alexander II. Savior on Spilled Blood can be found on the banks of the Griboyedov Canal. It is located next to the Mikhailovsky Garden and the area Stables. The cathedral itself holds a little more than one and a half thousand. person, and its height 81m.
Temple is a monument victim king. Initially it was supposed to be a temporary chapel, but only stood up 1883 of the year. Then we began to receive various donation and it was decided to build a full-fledged Cathedral. the competition was announced for the best project, which won the architect Alfred Parland. his project Construction of the church ended in 1907 year. It made based on the decision to make concrete. Specially constructed for bell protrusion 8 m wide. Cathedral was in public care. It was not designed for visiting crowds. In it served, exclusively dedicated to the memory of the deceased Alexander II. AT 1917 It was stopped funding. Before World War II decided to disassemble, that had to be postponed due to the outbreak of hostilities. The museum was opened in St. Petersburg in just over 80 years old.
learning, where to go in St. Petersburg, and decided to visit the Church of the Savior on the Spilled Blood, people will see, that the church has an asymmetrical shape. On the sides are erected three apses, which possess gold domes. Also, there is the Cathedral bell with a large dome. In the cathedral you can find plaques of dark red granite, which marked achievements of Alexander II. Facade of the Savior on Spilled Blood is decorated with mosaic emblems of Russian cities and provinces. The cathedral is bright and colorful. Traced similarities with St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow.
The cathedral was not designed for visiting crowds, inside it is striking in its beauty. Decoration consists of a mosaic. It completely covers all the walls and vaults. There is a collection of different gems, enamel jewelry and ornaments, which were carried out by the best masters. Mosaic compositions were formed on the works of artists, like Vasnetsov, Nesterov and Ryabushkin. This collection is one of the largest European. icon, floor and walls decorated with semi-precious stones. Inside the temple erected canopy, on top of which is a cross made of topaz. Under her collected relics of the temple is the lattice of the Catherine canal and the stones from the pavement, where he died, Alexander II.
Savior on Spilled Blood is a symbol of impending revolution. Every year it is visited by thousands of tourists Petersburg. Inside there are free guided tours.
Excursion to Peterhof
solving, where to go in St. Petersburg, worth a visit Peterhof. This rustic former imperial residence. It was founded by Peter I after his victory in the Northern War. Peterhof is also called the Russian Versailles. After capturing the German forces it practically restored from ruins. On the territory of Peterhof is more 150 fountains. They decorate parks. Peterhof is striking in its picturesque, there are numerous palaces, esplanade, sculptures and gardens. There are still trees, planted by Peter I.
Peterhof is divided into two parts. It's New and Old Peterhof. All the important sights are located in the first district. Often tourists are interested in Palace complex with fountains, which spent the whole day. It is possible to take a guided tour, and walk through the gardens alone. Everywhere there are signs and maps. The popular excursion around Peterhof. A haven from the bird's-eye view can be removed by helicopter. Area inspection is in the Cathedral of Sts Peter and Paul. You can visit the factory for the construction of St. Petersburg hours. The tour is conducted even for one person.
Peterhof complex is formed from the Upper Garden, Castle and the Lower Park. The main venue is the Grand Cascade. In the center is a monument to Samson, which rends the lion. There is also a large fountains. You can visit Alexandria, which is the place of residence of the emperors of Russia in recent. When making a complex of Gothic architecture used. You can visit the Gothic chapel.
Peterhof is famous for its parks. They are more like forest with walkways, so walk on them is not always convenient. It is possible to visit the Upper and Lower Gardens, as well as the park Alexandria. Previously, these were the hunting grounds of St. Petersburg. Most of the park is a pond Olga, who was the daughter of Tsar Nicholas I. Located along the sea Oldenburg Park.
figuring out, where to go in St. Petersburg Peterhof, tourist understand, the place is famous for its fountains. It begins familiarity with them from Upper Garden. Mezhumny Fountain is a round pool, decorated with statues of dolphins and the ocean monster. The most famous and largest fountain called Samson is located in the complex of the Grand Cascade. It consists of three waterfalls ladders, fountains in the amount of 64 pieces and 255 statues on the subject antychnuyu. Is the massive construction of fountains in the world. You can look at the twin fountains of Adam and Eve. They are the oldest structures of this type and is fully preserved without change. For children especially interesting to be crackers Peterhof. it fountains, who suddenly begin to work and sprayed passing visitors.
Peterhof is famous for its museums. You can visit a special storage room for viewing and monitoring of jewels and artifacts of the imperial era. Go through the cave and see the water system. A museum fountain business, which is dedicated to the creators of such a complex project of Peterhof. To learn about the everyday life of the emperors, you can visit the Museum of the bath body. If you go to the coast of the Gulf of Finland, visit the museum to be called "Imperial Yacht". He will tell the chronicle of Peterhof in the light of the sea residence of the rulers. the museum will be particularly informative for children called sovereign fun. There, with the help of special techniques create and show the Petrine era.
The most famous place, you can go to St. Petersburg, is Reserve Tsarskoye Selo. This is one of the main attractions of the Northern capital of Russia. It is a complex, consisting of parks and magnificent palaces. I appeared on the orders of Peter I. He bought the land and gave them to Catherine the First. So from the beginning 18 Century begins the construction of the country residence of the government. According to Catherine instructions, in this area it was built a summer palace of St. Petersburg and parks around. Contribute to the building brought Elizabeth. She added a few rooms and a park. Next ruler, Ekaterina II, It was more modest, but when it was built parks and the Alexander Palace were built. The whole complex of palaces and parks was popular among the Russian emperors summer. It was one of the favorite residence outside St. Petersburg.
after the revolution 1917 year some part of the complex served as a boarding house for the NKVD workers with families, The second part went to the museum. After a round date with the death of Alexander Pushkin, who studied the local lycje, the city was named Pushkin. Most complex damaged during the Second World. Virtually the entire building was destroyed and robbed. Forever Amber Room was lost, paintings and other art objects. AT 1990 the complex has got the name, which is now the State Museum-reserve Tsarskoye Selo in St. Petersburg.
The first is to visit Catherine's Palace. Every third hour organize groups of twenty. Exposure shall be rendered within an hour after the ticket purchase. Inside the palace striking beauty. Celebrities are the Great Hall and the Amber Room. The first fully gold plated. It organized official receptions and balls. The Amber Room is reconstructed hall, since the original amber structures have been lost. Recovery took place from surviving photographs and drawings. In the souvenir shop of the Catherine Palace, you can buy products from amber.
One place, you can go to St. Petersburg to Tsarskoye Selo, parks are. They are very picturesque. The depth is the Hermitage. Not to be confused with an art gallery in the city center. At this point, we passed balls in summer. On the shore of the lake is the Grotto. This place, in which Elizabeth had the opportunity to have breakfast alone and look at the lake landscape.
You can visit the Cameron Gallery. This is a small and unusual building, who ordered the construction of Catherine II. It serves as a place for retreat.
After a walk in the Catherine Park is to go to the Alexander. The palace itself is closed for improvement, but you can admire them from the outside. The park has many statues and buildings causing concern for survey. The park does not charge an entrance fee, so there is a lot of local residents. Both parks unites large and small whims. They are made in the form of artificial bridges. Catherine Palace and Alexander Park combines Chinese Bridge.
Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum
figuring out, where to go in St. Petersburg, and learn about the Tsarskoye Selo, Tourists find Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum. Initially, it was a school for children of nobles. It was founded by the Emperor Alexander I and is a privileged high school on the territory of Russia 18 century. AT 1949 the memorial museum was established here.
It is known, that between 1811 by 1817 year raised Alexander Pushkin. It was here that he began his literary and poetic career. He was part of the first issue, which was subsequently renamed Pushkin. Among my classmates were therefore such people, as a diplomat Gorchakov, poet Delvig, historian of the Russian fleet Matyushkin decembrist Leo. In the museum you can visit the room of Pushkin. It is fully recreates the atmosphere, which they lived and trained students of the Lyceum. Thanks to archives and drawings, recovery subject to Great Hall, Newspaper room and library. The latest store authentic books from the library at the time. There were also restored bedrooms, classrooms, room, allotted tutor and teacher of drawing Chirikov. The second floor of the Lyceum relieves exposition "We live Lyceum memory". It is a constant, He tells about the fate of high school graduates of different years. The exhibition covers the entire history of the Lyceum.