- 1 What are spots on clothing
- 2 Using stain removers purchased
- 3 preparation of things
- 4 Home arsenal to combat spots
- 5 The basic rules of home spotting
- 6 How not to spoil the thing
- 7 The appearance of a greasy stain
- 8 Inveterate fatty stains
- 9 Removal of wine and coffee stains
- 10 Stain removal from other products
Upon detection of spots you need to act quickly and correctly. Remove deeply ingrained dirt is difficult. But do not rush to get rid of favorite things. With the help of some tricks it is even possible to do without the intervention of cleaning, to remove stains. the main thing, know the cause of the contamination, and how and in what ways the cloth can be cleaned.
What are spots on clothing
Several kinds of contaminants:
- Water-soluble contamination appear in the interaction with products, containing sugar. This group also include water-soluble dyes, joiner's glue.
- Divorces from the oil, fat, margarine, oil paints, wax, cream and other, Removal which use solutions.
- The water insoluble ink, blood stains, mold - is not exposed to organic cleaning solution and water.
Using stain removers purchased
Most industrial stain removers are composed of relatively aggressive components. So often they are not suitable for cleaning delicate materials. Universal cleaners, which is suitable for any kind of fabric, not. Even the expensive stain remover, able to easily dissolve any contaminants, can absolutely not come, eg, for silk.
When using commercial household cleaning products it is necessary to observe the proportion specified by the manufacturer. This is done to preserve the color in place of pollution. Besides, misuse of such funds may ultimately spoil the look of your favorite gizmos.
Especially need to carefully remove the stains at home. The right decision in this case - to study the experience of other housewives, they are happy to share the Internet and make up their minds about the advertised vehicle.
How to remove the stain with a white garment with purchased bleach? Well-known brands are not many, their advertising is intrusive and promising. It is important when using any purchased bleach to follow the rules:
- If this pellet or granular form, the bleach is added to the appropriate tray with a conventional powder.
- If it is in a liquid form, dirt first wetted them and left for 15-20 minutes. Further, when washing, you can add a liquid agent.
- A contaminations are removed by means of cookware. The only requirement for light fabrics no dyes. The liquid should be transparent. Using them is quite simple: soapy substance is rubbed into the dirt and rinse under warm water.
preparation of things
Remove stains can only clean clothes: shake out, carry dry and wet cleaning brush. This will prevent smudges. The area around the spot can be moistened with water or gasoline for, to avoid erosion of a larger piece of tissue. Pounded chalk also eliminates the problems with such a cleaning.
Necessarily used pure solvent. To determine the quality of plain paper is wetted. Solvent, which leaves traces after drying is not suitable for cleaning clothes.
The first thing it turns out the origin of the mud, thing when soiled, and how much.
Sometimes the cause of the dirt can be easily determined by appearance:
- Especially fatty contamination is a fuzzy circuit. After contact with the fabric, it gets dark, and subsequently it occurs tarnishing. So you can get a spot on dairy products, any fried product in oil, raw meat.
- Clearly manifested contamination area is typical for non-greasy stains. Circuit is usually dark.
- Mixed pollution are most common. The main smudge the pigment affects surface, a fatty substance impregnated within the fibers. These are consequences of blood falling, spray from the first dishes, various sauces.
- Over time, the old dirt is transformed into oxidized spots when exposed to air, temperature, sunlight. Their findings hardest. That kid in the palm of raspberry jam, otpechatavshayasya of slyunyavchike, and spilled coffee, and the consequences of a party in a divorce wine.
Spot, which is over 3 hours, It is no longer considered fresh, it is already ingrained.
Home arsenal to combat spots
A good hostess knows, how to remove stains at home with minimal cost. She is always in the kitchen cabinet next cleaners:
- chemistry Dishwashing;
- potato starch powder;
- lemon acid;
- hydrogen peroxide.
To remove stains, be useful:
- a variety of brushes;
- clean cloth cotton.
The basic rules of home spotting
Soap - the main means of, which usually begin with any zastiryvanie. Its main advantage is the inexpensive cost compared with the chemistry of famous brands. Besides, the use of soap is almost does not spoil clothes, suitable for any material. Clothes to pour cold water, then get and rub soap. products thus treated are left for a while, and then erased in a conventional manner.
Aspirin and hydrogen peroxide - is considered as an excellent combination of low and stain. For the preparation of pills are ground and diluted peroxide, the resulting solution is easy removed rust stains, berry sprays.
Washing children's clothes, many new mothers do not trust the purchased stain removers. Mix two peroxide packaging 1 Article. l. soda, you can get a universal tool for removing stains from clothing kid of any age. The solution is rubbed on and left in place contamination to extinction, then the clothes can be washed.
The following combination to prepare an effective homemade stain remover is salt, soda, Soap in the proportions (2:2:1). The tool should be impregnated with a fairly long period of time, then the thing goes in the wash. A particularly effective means when washing clothes made of cotton (including, light shirts).
Following inexpensive component is vinegar. it is used frequently and for the return of faded colors favorite dress or blouse. All stubborn odors will also be deleted. 70%-th vinegar diluted with water, and only after that can be filled with a spot. With this method, the mixture was kept 2-5 minutes, since there is a risk, that thing will be spoiled.
How not to spoil the thing
Stain removers can give a completely opposite effect, so before, how to remove stains from clothes, they try first on an invisible piece of fabric. Stain removers, which are sold in stores and is actively advertised streak, that it is impossible to wash off later, if they dry on clothes. So that the rules of their use: wet spot, wait a few minutes and immediately zastiryvat thing.
Chlorine has long been used for stain removal. It is not only harmful to health, but also causes destruction of tissue fibers.
To remove stains, Processing starts with the external borders of inwards, Pollution in Center. Otherwise it will spread, increasing the area of contamination.
In order not to spoil the thing, We need to remember, the alcohol and acid are harmful for labile dyes on fabric. Acetone, vinegar is not allowed for cleaning fabrics acetate. Bleach - very aggressive substance, which can ruin even cotton fabrics.
The paint can be removed by any suitable solvent.
Bleaching is carried out only for the white clothes.
Silk fabrics have a property, that they printed the ingress of water, even spray, leaving stains. So be sure to wet the procedure after any thing entirely.
The appearance of a greasy stain
In nature or at a party, if possible quickly faded thing there, used common salt, which pours on the site of formation of fatty streaks.
Upon returning home, fresh ironed through pollution 2-3 a layer of blotting paper, it is placed under the fabric.
Fresh fat track with pants help remove turpentine, which is applied to the area with a few hours. Thereafter iron clothing is ironed at medium temperature through paper wipes. The same procedure can be done with gasoline (when applied to move from the margins to the center), cover with a cloth and iron. Fatty trace residues on fabric after such treatment can be easily removed in the usual gasoline or stain.
bright fabric, which appeared fresh fat imprint, sprinkled with tooth powder, crumbled chalk, talc outside and from the inside. On top of the tissue paper placed, it put the press, eg, great book. After one day, you can brush away the powder remains of.
Grease stain with black clothes cleaned strictly inside out, so that no external marks on fabric. For colored fabrics can be mixed with glycerin soap. To make a paste, need to dilute the mixture with water. This shall be kept for a day, and then washed off as the more carefully you can.
For cleaning oily stains piece of cloth wetted with gasoline, turpentine or acetone and carefully cleaned contamination. After such processing item is erased.
Fresh fatty contamination cleaned pulp of black bread (Especially this method is effective for velvet and plush).
Inveterate fatty stains
The rougher fabric, in order to be more aggressive stain remover. Withdraw the old grease from the cotton fabric can be ammonia, spreading it in hot water (1 no. l. a glass of water). The solution is treated portion and then dirty clothing completely erased by any suitable method.
With clothes, which lay forgotten for a long time, old greasy dirt removed soap. On top of the soapy plot poured sugar and left for half an hour.
How to remove grease stain, and brining with wool and silk? For this fit a mixture of gasoline (1/2 no. l.) and ammonia (glass half). The mixture is poured onto the stain completely and dried.
A solution of ammonia (2 Article. l. mix with water) cleans tulle and curtain fabrics.
Wool light shades taken potato flour, It is mixed with water to a slurry-like state. Gruel left for a few hours, then washed pollution, dried. If this method did not, to try wetting of gasoline. Remains of dirt are then removed with dried bread.
For cleaning things, which are forbidden to wash, there are two ways:
- Taken potato starch, heated and poured on the contamination of land. Under it is enclosed from below a white piece of cloth. Through 20 minutes, all shaken. can be repeated if necessary. If you are unable to remove stains, Starch residues are cleaned brush.
- Likewise heated potato flour and sprinkled on pollution place. after 30 minute residues are removed and the processing is repeated, if necessary,.
Potatoes generally is an excellent means of oily stains. So, this vegetable raw rub and cause pollution briefly.
Recipe for homemade stain remover for greasy stains: Skipidar, ammonia and grated soap (1:1:1) mixed and rubbed in dirt. Through 15 minutes, washed off.
If you remove the stains from the fabric did not work, You can use gasoline and turpentine. The fabric needs to be wetted, under it to put a napkin, soaked in turpentine. Top spot rubbed with gasoline. Further, the product is washed and dried.
If the area is too big fat spread, such clothes soaked in turpentine. And then other means used.
Removal of wine and coffee stains
Spilled red wine you can pour the white wine to remove the coloring pigment, then contaminated area sypetsja common salt. Immediately throw the thing in the washing machine.
In general, in any situation with wine as the fill dirt needed salt land as soon as possible. After soaking the fabric is located above the tank and poured boiling water from a low altitude. Exceptions to this procedure - sensitive or unstable colored materials.
If tablecloths found brown stain from last year's party, it is treated with a solution of citric acid (2 g in a glass of water) and warm water promyvaetya. To maintain white color after this treatment is applied to a mixture of hydrogen peroxide with ammonia (by 1 ch.l. hot water in a glass), and then the whole is washed in cold water.
For coloreds preparing a mixture of glycerol and egg yolk (1:1).
White stuff soaked in milk before washing normal. It can also be boiled and to enhance the effect.
How to remove stains from white wine, if there is no available tools. This can be done with a piece of ice out of the freezer. After the disappearance of traces need to wet a clean cloth.
On a silk fabric to remove stains from getting white wine can be cotton balls, soaked in vodka.
For all kinds of fabric suitable way to remove stains from white wine and champagne: glycerol mixture is taken, ammonia, ethyl alcohol and water in a ratio of 1:1:1:8.
Traces of coffee in the morning - big and hard recoverable trouble. Remove them with salt and glycerol (1:1), All is mixed and applied to the 15 minutes. Second Embodiment - aqueous ammonia (1 alcohol spoon in a glass of water) and process the dirty plot. After that, preparing for the final wash soapy water.
Artificial tissues can remove stains from coffee diluted alcohol (on half a liter of water is taken 1 Article. l. alcohol). The solution is used for washing, and after the clothing is rinsed in cold water.
If the coffee was spilled on the job at lunchtime, then return home such contamination will already be considered stale and stubborn. Shoe such thing is performed with hydrogen peroxide. We need support in her soiled cloth (no more 15 minutes) and then rinse with cool water.
Stain removal from other products
Remove stains from ice cream is easiest using gasoline. It wetted cotton swab and applied to the dirt, clothing immediately erased after processing.
Fruits, vegetables, berries can stain so, that even experienced housewives are not taken to remove the stain of such origin. Cleaning immediately after the contamination is much easier to carry out, than the reduction of ingrained dirt, you need only to fill its usual salt. This will prevent the spreading.
The second way to deal with fruit pollution – vinegar (but not wine). They moistened cotton wool and placed on contaminated sites. cool water is prepared for the final wash. White and resistant fabric can be displayed with boiling water.
For such pollution suitable hydrogen peroxide solution (1 no. l. a glass of water). After clarification, the divorce should be well rinsed clothes.
If the stains from berries dried on the cloth, they are removed citric acid (1 no. l. on 1 Article. water). Dirty fabric briefly falls into it, then dipped in warm, and then cold water.
Chocolate goodies - a favorite treat for the child and his mother nightmare. If the child soiled blouse chocolate, it is dipped in salt water (1 Article. l. salts 1 liters of water) and then wash as usual.
Remove stains from chocolate helps ammonia (1,5%-first a warm solution). Another option is to mix vinegar and alcohol (1:1). heated glycerin suitable for delicate clothes in light colors, you want to hold about 15 minutes. Means washed off with warm water.
Mug of tea suddenly capsized on shirt? She immediately sent to soak in soapy water. If the stain from tea dried up on the fabric, it was removed with a mixture of glycerin with ammonia (4:1).
Hydrogen peroxide - the only assistant to eliminate smearing of tea with white clothes. After its use clothes to wash in warm water.
Fresh egg stain poured salt (and a little bit of water). after drying, (after half an hour) ordinary brush brush. If the material is painted, used more gentle means of heated glycerin. The location of contamination rubbed them and left to 20 minutes. Wool in glycerol need to remove the stain completely and rinse clothes. To remove traces of egg white things with diluted ammonia water (in proportion 1:10), softened dirt is removed with a swab with the same solution. The purified product is deleted.