It is the birthplace of pizza Italy, but the Italians have already forgotten, as it fell outside the delicacy of their country. If you believe the stories, the pizzas appeared in the Middle Ages. They were simple cakes of bread, topped with tomato juice. Cakes laid out on the meat, cheeses and vegetables.
Modern pizza is considered to be present only in the event, if the dough for its foundation contains yeast, flour and olive oil. Cook rolls out this dough by hand, without the help.
But how to cook a pizza at home right and to preserve the charm of Italian craftsmanship?
prepare the dough
– 5-6 cups flour;
– 1,5 tablespoons sugar;
– 3-4 tablespoons olive oil;
– 2 eggs;
– 20 g. yeast, (you can take the dry - 3 teaspoons);
– ½ Teaspoon of salt
– a glass of warm water or milk.
Preparing pizza dough at home it is necessary to observe some ritual. In a metal bowl put the yeast and pour warm milk, Add sugar and mix thoroughly all. Leave a bowl with the yeast in warm to 10-15 minutes.
At this time, sift the flour, Add the flour salt. On the table to form a pile of flour with a recess. It should look something, like the crater of a volcano.
The center break eggs, pour half the butter and raise the cap of yeast. Gently knead the dough, collecting flour to the center. When in the hands of you will bun dough, pour on it the rest of the olive oil.
Pizza dough should be well mixed. The more liquid, so it is softer, less - it is stronger. Ready lump leave for half an hour in a warm place, the yeast could come. And can be rolled, spread the sauce and toppings and send pizza into the oven.
Process of preparation of pizza dough is greatly facilitated, if used for kneading bread maker. Laying in a bowl all the ingredients, as required by the furnace guide, you get through 40 minutes ready pizza dough.
Pizza without dough
Some craftsmen manage in a home without cooking pizza dough. How to cook a pizza without the test correctly? Let's deal with.
The basis of this pizza will fries and mozzarella cheese, little pepperoni and sauce marinara. The piquancy of the dish will add basil leaves.
Two tuber purify and cut into thin strips. Mozzarella three on a grater or tear into small pieces. Fry for a pizza to be correct on a cast iron skillet. In it we plant three tablespoons of olive oil and a good calcined.
Once the oil is heated, Put the potatoes in a pan, slightly obzharivaya it until golden brown. Scapula form the sides and pour cheese. Smoothes the foundation as a cake. reduce fire. Smear foundation marinara sauce and spread the stuffing.
When the pizza crust will become golden color, cheese melts evenly on pepperoni, sprinkle it with basil and remove from heat. Correct without pizza dough ready!
Pizza Italian at home
We all love pizza on a thin pastry with a juicy filling, which is fed to Italian restaurants. But not everyone knows, how to cook a pizza at home correctly and Italian.
The fact, that classical Italian pizza is to be baked in special furnaces, melted on the wood to 400 degrees. To repeat the trick with a stove in a flat, we can not. But to prepare thin dough right within our reach.
It needs to test not refined olive oil, 15 gram of fresh yeast and warmed drinking water. Yes, do not forget the torment, without it, nothing happens. Flour for Italian pizza should be wholemeal, desirable Italian production.
ask Opara: in a small amount of warm water dissolve the yeast, add to them 50 gram flour. All mix well, if it turns thick, add water. Sponge leave on 5-10 minutes.
Kneading this dough must be carefully. Pour the flour on the table or in a bowl, forming a hole in it, where pour remaining water and olive oil (no more than three spoons). Gently knead the dough, adding the hole brew.
Dough for Italian pizza should have a soft and elastic. In the hands of the hostess is like a good clay. After the cake for pizza Italians do not unroll, and manually formed, stretching and throwing, so it is good to be fed with air.
How to cook a pizza in the oven
To cook a pizza in the oven yeast dough left for proofing on 40-60 minutes. At this time, the dough must be precipitated several times, the yeast worked properly during baking.
If you are going to bake a pizza in a pan, make sure that, that her bottom was thick, if the pan, select a level higher than usual in oven.
Usually, pizza in the oven cooked in two stages. First, the dough is baked until half, then add the filling and sending back to the furnace.
How to cook a pizza at home correctly and quickly? It can be used as a test ready basics, which are sold in any supermarket, in the department of frozen products.
For just a quick pizza, we need:
- 2-3 pizza bases;
- 100 grams of sour cream and mayonnaise, (I prefer tomato paste as a sauce base);
- 300 grams of smoked sausage, chicken or pork;
- 300 gram of solid cheese;
- mushrooms, green and black olives;
- olive oil;
Mushrooms cut and fry until cooked. You can take a jar of mushrooms prisolennyh, they should not be processed further. Sausage or meat cut into cubes. Olives or olives cut into slices. Hard cheese grate, tear the mozzarella into small pieces.
Oven warms up 180 degrees. Putting pizza. The basis of a good coat with tomato paste, or a sauce of mayonnaise and sour cream in a grid. Put the slices of mozzarella on top, filling and sprinkle with grated cheese and olive oil vzbryzgivaem.
All three blanks send it in the oven for a few minutes. Once the top layer of cheese rasplyvetsya, pizza ready.
How to quickly cook a pizza in the microwave
Another quick way to prepare pizza at home - bake it in the microwave. For this we use all of the same billet dough and ingredients to taste. Can be expanded for the sake of beauty products in a checkerboard pattern on the test.
The beauty of pizza in a microwave oven is the time, we spend it. Maximum 5 minutes and tasty dish ready!
If you decide to cook a pizza in the microwave according to the rules and do not use the dough, you'll like this recipe:
- 1,5 cups flour;
- 100 grams of margarine;
- half a glass of water;
- 1 tablespoon sugar;
- teaspoon salt.
All the ingredients mix in a bowl. Do not be confused, the dough will be watery. Pizza out of the microwave - ideal. The finished dough is poured into a form and send in the microwave for 2-3 minutes on 75% capacities. At this time, prepare the sauce, rubbed cheese and sliced stuffing.
Sauce microwaved pizza can be cooked, mixing a tomato paste with salt and pepper to taste. After the allotted time, remove the dough from the oven, pour the sauce on it, Put the filling and sprinkle with grated cheese. The workpiece you want to send in the microwave for five minutes.
The readiness of pizza can be judged by a golden crust on board and melted cheese.
Quick pizza puff pastry
When your home is suddenly descend guests, there is no time to reflect on, how to cook a pizza at home right. Comes to the aid of ready puff pastry shop.
It can be thawed and knead a few times further, to remove excess layers. You can roll out the dough is one way only, to maintain its elasticity.
As a sauce puff pastry good use ketchup, fried in vegetable oil, onion and garlic. The stuffing will certainly use something smoked, and vegetables to your taste.
The beauty of this method of cooking the pizza at home that, that the process takes a little time, Put the filling on the dough at once, rather than waiting for semireadiness. You can alternate layers of dough, cheese, sauce and toppings.
Pizza without yeast
Following the words of the doctrine that, the yeast to the human body harmful, try to make pizza dough without yeast. To increase the useful properties using rye flour.
We need a half cup of whole wheat and half cups of rye flour. One cup of water and a pinch of salt. To replace soft dough water kefir. Knead the dough as dumplings, unroll it into a thin layer on a baking sheet and baked for 5-10 minutes, until crust.
Take out the blank and proceed to the formation of the pizza. The first layer spread diced tomatoes, sprinkle with their incised rings onions, chopped olives and chopped bell pepper. Sprinkle with grated cheese and send it in the oven for 10 minutes.
Useful pizza ready, tasty and appetizing!
Quick pizza in a pan
This method of cooking a pizza at home correctly in advance to prepare the filling and heat the pan. If you fry pizza under the hood, the filling on the dough you need to upload at once, taking turns.
Pour over the dough for the pizza sauce, Put the slices of mozzarella cheese, sprinkle with sliced sausage, vegetables and cheese. Cover with a lid and wait five to ten minutes, without adding fire on the cooker.
The main rule for, to cook a pizza in a pan: the bottom is dry stuffing, that during the roasting does not appear unnecessary condensate.
Not less common in the world received the American pizza. Taking the Italian usually mix the filling and to flavor the product lots of cheese, American chefs have finished the dough and add spice to this type of baking.
To cook a pizza in an American home right, you must strictly follow the instructions of its preparation. The basis is the pastry in the pizza, which rises when cooking oven as pie.
To test for American pizza you need to take:
- 1 a glass of milk;
- 100 grams of margarine or butter;
- 3 teaspoons active dry yeast, or 50 g. fresh yeast;
- half a cup of sugar;
- flour, how much will;
- vegetable oil and a teaspoon of baking powder.
The high capacity to dissolve the yeast with milk, add sugar and leave for a while in a warm place. When the workpiece is covered with high cap, to yeast pour melted margarine, Pour the flour and baking powder.
Knead the dough is needed on a large surface, liberally sprinkled with sifted flour. Can not sift flour, but then it will not be saturated with oxygen, which may adversely affect the finished product on the rise. The finished dough is left in a warm place for another half an hour.
Some craftsmen replaced the American pizza dough yeast beer glass. For this purpose, the unfiltered beer, classic varieties. The principle of the rest of the action from the test remains the same.
When the dough is ready, it is rolled into a large reservoir, and placed on top of the oven for proofing. While the dough rises, you can do filling.
For tomato-based, we need lecho, Tomatoes in own juice, or pepper and tomato paste. Grind all the ingredients in a meat grinder. If instead we use tomato paste tomato, dilute three tablespoons a glass of warm water and add to the juice of one squeezed garlic cloves.
In a frying pan with vegetable oil fry pepper, add to it the juice of tomatoes and a couple of tablespoons of flour. Our fry sauce, stirring constantly until thickened.
check the dough, it should go up to a few millimeters, Pour it ostyvshim sauce, sprinkle with grated cheese. Now you can do filling. The American pizza preparation used most unexpected products and their combination. for example, can be put on the dough slices of pineapple, ham, smoked chicken and capers. You can do olives, tomatoes, cheeses and smoked sausages. You can use minced meat and meat cuts. there is pizza, where everything inside is formed around the pickled apples. There are such, where capers mixed with anchovies and garlic. In short, to cook a pizza at home in an American, you just need to let your imagination.
Now you have seen, that the question, how to cook a pizza at home right, It has many useful answers. Experiment with us, we will be happy to help!