Before we find out, how to increase the pressure, should identify the symptoms and causes of the disease. Hypotension or low blood pressure - it is an independent disease, which can simultaneously manifest as a symptom of another disease. In this decreases the tonus of the veins, slows down blood circulation.
It should be noted, that hypotension, the term, It means underpressure. However, from a medical point of view, such a thing would be more correct to call hypotension, and hypotension - a reduced vascular tone.
This disease affects the fair sex in the age of 30-40 years old, who make their mind. In old age, manifested atherosclerotic hypotension. It is, that the vessel affected by atherosclerosis. Subsequently, they are transformed into lime sticks. Doctors distinguish hypotension fitness, which is manifested in athletes as a result of regular exercise. Professional as hypotension - a lot of athletes and dancers.
Miners are also interested in, how to increase the pressure. This is because the, that under the ground is the atmosphere of high humidity and high temperature. As a result of prolonged exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation, pressure drops in miners. maybe, hypotension that occurs due to occupational allergy. Usually it concerns doctors, pharmacists and nurses, treatment rooms. There is also a passing physiological hypotension. It manifests itself in adapting to the new climate, terrain and geographic zone.
over, as it intended to increase the necessary pressure in the event of symptoms characteristic of this disease symptoms. Signs of low pressure high, and, usually, they appear not at the same time. Of them can be identified:
- deteriorating memory,
- the presence of distraction,
- low performance,
Gipotoniki often feel shortness of breath, they do not have enough air. There are also headaches, irritability, no precipitation. These symptoms are considered to be subjective. They can manifest itself not in all people, suffering from this disease. Generally, the pressure decreases with hypotension, and autonomic disorders occur. For example, sweaty feet and hands, Leather persons bledneet, upset thermoregulation. Also, there is heaviness in their stomachs, and the bitterness in the mouth. The presence of regurgitation, heartburn, nausea, constipation occur actively under reduced pressure.
In hypotensive patients is pain in muscles and joints. Generally, the above symptoms alone does not have a negative impact on the health of the patient. However, when combined, the total condition of the patient worsens.
In some cases, low blood pressure occurs without showing any symptoms. In such cases, a person learns about the problem as a result of the medical examination. Check the pressure level can be, and in the home. For this purpose tonometer. It can be mechanically and electronically.
blood pressure Norma
Before you decide, how to increase the pressure, should determine the level of this index in the normal. Usually, Blood puts pressure on the vessel walls with a certain force. This pressure is called blood. Normally, this figure should be 120/80 mm Hg. Article. The first figure is the systolic pressure. This figure depends on the force of contraction of the heart and can be determined at the time of ejection of blood into the arteries.
The second number - the diastolic pressure, which indicates the resistance of peripheral arteries. Define this figure can be at the time of relaxation of the heart. Indicate the presence of high pressure may be in the case, if the indicator does not change for a long time and is 140/90 mm Hg. Article.
If lower elevated blood pressure changes, then the doctors say there is a more serious problem - severe hypertension. It is noted vascular tone, there are plaques and other symptoms. The pressure is the norm for all people, regardless of age and gender, if it is presented in the following figures: 120/80 mm Hg. Article.
Otherwise, you can talk about the presence of:
- first degree hypertension, if the pressure varies in the range of 140-159 / 90-99,
- second degree hypertension, if the pressure varies in the range 160-179 / 100-109,
- third degree hypertension, if the pressure fluctuates within 180 above and / or above 110.
The main cause of high blood pressure 90% cases is Essential or primary hypertension. It occurs due to increasing the activity of biological mechanisms. Thus narrowed vessels.
Otherwise, causes the appearance of increased pressure are other ailments. In this situation, increased intracranial and intraocular pressure. If you eliminate the root cause, then the total pressure drop. For this need to take special medication or folk remedies. But not always increased intracranial pressure associated with hypertension. Treat this disease must be based on the patient's age, history and reasons, caused the disease.
Pregnancy and pressure
Very careful you have to be in the position of women. Often, the pressure is increased in such a position because of the late toxicity or with impaired hormone production. Also in this period the pressure may rise as a result of constant tension and compression of blood vessels growing fetus, increasing physical activity.
The reasons for reducing the pressure
The main reason for hypotension or low blood pressure during pregnancy is a dramatic hormonal changes. This usually happens in the first trimester of pregnancy. This is because the, the new network of vessels are formed in a given period. Anyway, a new condition has a negative impact on the female body, and the fruit. This is especially true pressure, exerted on the vascular wall. This phenomenon may be of a physiological nature and considered the norm. However, physicians and gynecologists believe, that the deviation of the index from the norm, formed a real threat of pregnancy.
At low pressure during pregnancy a woman in the position of the following symptoms occur:
- constant weakness,
- persistent dizziness,
- noise or ringing in the ears,
- fresh air shortage,
During pregnancy, your blood pressure may deviate from the rules on 10%. Many women in the position considered, that low pressure does not adversely influence the health of the expectant mother and fetus. In reality, the blood of a pregnant woman begins to circulate poorly at low blood pressure. In this way, delivered to the fetus with oxygen and nutrients in slow motion. This leads to placental insufficiency. And after birth may occur serious difficulties.
Struggle with low pressure during pregnancy
How to increase the pressure in pregnancy should know every expectant mother. You can not engage in self. Typically, doctors prescribe in such a situation "Eleutherococcus". However, this means not only raises blood pressure, but the tone of the uterus. Therefore it is better to give preference to sweet green tea, Tomato juice and parsley. Some women in the position of use of coffee or salty foods. Gynecologists do not recommend to abuse during pregnancy coffee drinks, because caffeine can lead to miscarriage.
In any event, pregnant with hypotension need to comply with the best mode, balanced diet, restful sleep and relaxation, including long walks in the fresh air. You can also engage in akvaerobika.
Low Pressure Treatment
With a sharp pressure drop gipotonikam not enough air. Therefore, the patient is required to lie, stretching the gate and releasing the neck and the heart of a tight-fitting clothes. With regard to the hypotensive, they will need to purchase the following habits:
- It is as small as possible in a stagnant state,
- drink the required amount of water,
- restful sleep,
- long walks in the fresh air,
- active life. It is recommended to start with a minimum of physical activity,
- adoption of a contrast shower,
- swimming and walking trails.
People, suffering from low pressure must comply with certain diet. For example, gipotonikam recommended, have a sweet and tasty, washed down with all this coffee. It should be taken into account, that this drink can not drink in large quantities, about 1-2 cups per day. Coffee not only can sometimes reduce the pressure, but also promotes the leaching of calcium from the organism. Since the pressure in the blood sugar level falls too, so throughout the day, doctors recommend, eat one chocolate pritku. More useful to the human body are considered to be dried fruit.
The patient's diet should include orange, red and green fruits and vegetables. Usually, gipotonikam hard to wake up, as the tone of vessels during this period decreased. Get out of bed should be slowly, because it may be very dizzy. Also, the diet should include hypotensive:
- berries and fruits: pomegranate juice, buckthorn, chernuyu currants,
- vegetables: bow, carrot, potatoes, horseradish, garlic, sorrel,
- milk products: cheese, cottage cheese, butter,
- other products: liver, caviar, cocoa, butter.
Drug and national treatment
How to increase the pressure of the therapists know. When non-systematic increase of this indicator is recommended to drink tsitramon. must be considered, that long-term use of this drug may lead to side effects. So do not use this tool on their own. Can increase the pressure and folk remedies:
- radiogram pink - make that it should go on 10 drops of 30 minutes before eating a few drops,
- liquorice root,
- Hibiscus tea - helps toning and increased pressure,
- massage - between the eyes, under the nose and in the hollow under your chin massaged point, also recommended to rub the little fingers and ears,
- ginseng tincture, pawn, aralii, Eleutherococcus, apilaka, Chinese magnolia vine,
- herbal decoction - for its preparation is required to take in equal proportions mistletoe, hawthorn leaves shepherd's purse. One large spoon of the herbal decoction is poured a glass of water. The resulting mixture was infused for 12 hours. Drink the medicine you need in the morning on an empty stomach,
- broth immortelle - need to take for its preparation 10 gram Helichrysum. This herb brewed one cup of boiling water. After the infusion is filtered. availability of sufficient funds need to drink twice a day before meals for 20 drops.