- 1 Overview
- 2 Causes of
- 3 manifestation of the problem
- 4 Burr and nationality
- 5 Social factors and possible problems
- 6 Top tips on how best, how to stop lisp
- 7 sound mechanics
- 8 Therapy against burr
- 9 Self struggle with the problem
- 10 Training for automation pronunciation
The appearance of speech therapy can interfere with a person to communicate properly. Burr able to give rise to a whole list of complexes and complexities. There are cases, when the presence of problems hindered career advancement or became the main argument in the refusal in hiring. Burr can stop. Experts have developed a list of ways, allowing to deal with the problem.
Burr – wrong formation of the sound “R” speech apparatus. The phenomenon is the result of a whole range of reasons. In the normal state during a conversation a person presses the tongue against the upper palate. He pressed in the area of the front teeth. sound formation occurs by vibration.
If a person has a speech defect, it gives discomfort. As a result, tension can be increased. If a person is not able to correctly pronounce words, This causes confusion. As a result, the problem of stuttering can be added. Burr can stop. However, this is a long process. Today emit several types of burr, the list of which includes the following forms:
- lateral. It got its name because of the language bias when talking. While pronouncing the sounds it is completely or partially shifted to the side.
- uvular. It occurs because of incorrect vibration small reed sky.
- motor. In the construction of a sound observed abnormal interaction between the tongue and soft palate.
- Dvogubnaya. During speaking lips take the wrong position. The result is a violation of sound education.
- velar. Violation occurs because of all the upper palate.
Accurate diagnosis can deliver a speech therapist. Specialist performs work with children and adults. The doctor will find out the root cause of the current situation and will diagnose. It is a complex process. Usually a person interacts ENT, speech therapist and dentist. A speech therapist evaluates the situation with a speech, and identifies the sound stage neprogovarivaniya. Depending on this kind of disease it is determined. Identify malfunction auditory mechanism or device capable of voice and ENT dentist.
To stop lisp, it is important to identify the root cause of the phenomenon. Depending on the violation of her zvukoproiznosheniya divided into two types. dyslalia, how else is called burr, may be functional or mechanical. In the first case of its occurrence leads to the physical condition of the child and social conditions, in which he lives and is brought up. That the child has ceased to lisp, it is important to pay attention to their own manner of speaking. At a young age a person copies the, how adults communicate. A minor may like cartoons, in which the characters communicate in plain language. As a result, the little man can refuse to communicate in an adult.
In some families due to employment or other reasons can be allocated little time to school with your child. As a result, it is left for the elderly grandparents. It is also able to affect his manner of communication. Needless too lisp, mispronouncing words and eating large amounts of diminutive forms. It can play a negative role. frequent illness, transferred at an early age, also able to affect the overall development and training of the vocal apparatus. Therefore, it is recommended from infancy to engage in physical development and gymnastics.
Mechanical dyslalia appears as a result of existing defects. They can affect the lips, tongue, teeth and palate. Defects occur due to congenital abnormalities or acquired injuries. Usually there is a problem with the sound pronunciation, if there is malocclusion, bridle or insufficient extensible language. Identify Cause Specialist. The treatment is also prescribed by the doctor. In some situations, you may need surgery. However, in most cases it is enough regular exercise. Cause burr capable of other reasons, which includes a list of:
- genetic predisposition. If parents Kartavykh, pathology can get all inherited.
- Atony of the language and its paralysis. perhaps part of thechnoe emergence of the problem.
- language injury.
manifestation of the problem
If a person wants to stop lisp, We need to find, How does the problem. Sound during a call replaced by other sounds. So, instead of the letter P people can pronounce L. Such a phenomenon experts call pararotatsizm. There is another kind of problem. So, man can distort the sound of P and missing his. This phenomenon is referred to as rhotacism.
Burr often occurs in childhood. It is called age or physiological. It may be associated with hypoplasia of organs of articulation. The problem disappears with age. AT 5-6 years in most cases, it goes on their own. According to statistics, to 9 data is stored at the burr 26% children. The phenomenon is caused by more complex causes. Identify their possible, visiting a speech therapist, ENT or dentist. If the problem does not respond, it disappears in adulthood.
The causes of the problems may be hidden more deeply. So, lead to a problem capable of specific structure of the oral cavity. A person may be weak muscles of the tongue tip, rare teeth, hyoid ligament short and too forward of the lower jaw. hearing loss, and other pathology of the hearing instrument can also cause a lisp. There is a genetic predisposition. A child may begin to imitate a man with a speech impediment, and self-talk properly.
Determines the cause of a specialist. Then an appropriate treatment appointed. If surgery is not required, help can be a speech therapist. Treatment is carried out, regardless of age. However it is better to visit a specialist in childhood. The presence of burr could negatively impact on the psyche of the child. Mispronunciation can become a cause, because of which he will tease other children. As a result, people may start to avoid their society, feeling like a black sheep. As a result, capable of developing inferiority complex and several other diseases.
Burr and nationality
It is believed, that members of certain ethnic groups are more prone to burr. One of these nations are Jews. The official language in Israel is considered Hebrew. He strongly on Russian language. National representatives perform utterance sounds more zing p. This leads to so, their vocal apparatus is developed in a special way. And changing air circulation. As a result, other nations, that in a conversation using a harder sound P, existing phonetic differences will burr.
A similar misconception concerns the French. Russian confident, that the representatives of this nation can not pronounce the letter R, and the burr and other sounds. Approval wrong. These sounds are present in the language, but articulated in a different way. The sound in the P Russia and France, used and reproduced in different ways. In the world it is pronounced more strongly. French uses soft, nasal pronunciation. The difference formed by centuries. The difference is in the language of position, air circulation, muscle tension.
Social factors and possible problems
Razbirayasy, how to stop burr P, You can take account of a person's age. If the sound does not say a child under the age of 5 years old, but he is able to compose simple sentences from 3-5 words, can tell children's poems and understands the meaning of the above is correct, the phenomenon is considered normal. lead to human speech therapist is necessary, if after 5 years he started to talk he sounds P and Pb. The specialist will make inspection and report, whether the child needs treatment. Subsequently, the sound is able to "stand alone". A speech therapist can suggest, which aspects in a child's development requires more attention. Hereditary burr also treatable. It takes only a stubbornly perform expert recommendations.
trying to understand, how to stop burr letter P at home, it is important to pay attention to the attitude of others to the child.
And capable of causing harm overprotection. Such a child may be, izbalovan, ladylike and fickle. His care and cherish. Parents rush him. Overprotection can lead to Kartavykh. A small child may be simply a reluctance to talk. And so it understands. If someone from the environment did not understand what was said, mom will explain.
However, you can not run and a minor. The problem may occur, if the parents do not have the time or inclination to school with a minor. It also can lead to the appearance of burr. However, the problem may be accompanied by developmental delay. If you do not try to stop lisp, it can cause a number of problems. The child is able to encounter a:
- Poor appetite or respiratory failure. There may be a weakness of the inspiratory force or failure.
- ridicule classmates. Their appearance is influenced by the nature of the minor. Burr is not something surprising. Many primary school children speak badly. However, children are evil. known cases, when classmates turned against them different from the child.
- Problems with the development of fine motor skills. As a result, writing can become clumsy.
- Problems with discrimination on hearing sounds. Subsequently, this can lead to the inability to determine the sonority-voicelessness, difficulty with phonetic analysis of, misspelled letters
Statistics show, that the number of people increases every year Kartavykh. For four years have minors, having a relatively good set of words and do not have hearing pathologies, there may be difficulties with the pronunciation of a number of sounds. Usually it is P, L, W and F. Sounds or swallowed, or not very pronounced. Sometimes they pronounce the wrong. As a result, children's speech becomes unintelligible. disassemble, that says a child, can only close people, residing with him.
Children can truly suffer because of this situation,. From it there are two exit. In the first case, you must be examined by a specialist and start attending classes speech therapist. This will allow to fix it, and the child is able to speak coherent honor. In the second situation, parents can simply ignore the problem. This will cause, that time will be lost. Subsequently, the child may develop psychological problems. Peers can start by minors or offend him.
Top tips on how best, how to stop lisp
figuring out, how to stop lisp, person learns, today established methods, allowing to deal with the problem at any age. However, the process takes a long period of time. The speech therapist will massage therapy for language, and select exercises, making it possible to increase the clarity of speech. Experts teach special techniques target the vibration of the vocal apparatus. Help combat the problem is capable of pronunciation training phrases and tongue twisters.
If a problem is identified in the hearing aid, treatment is carried out together with LORom. Restore functional body features can using pharmacological or surgical intervention. The main part of the speech apparatus serves mouth. If you want to, Specialist can operate on a bridle. The dentist performs prosthetics and a number of manipulations in the oral cavity, helps to normalize pronunciation. If correct teeth and bite, it can give a good positive effect on speech clarity.
There are special exercises, stop allowing burr. They are aimed at strengthening the muscles and ligaments of the mouth and tongue. As a result, soft letter P may be a solid. To combat the problem, you must perform the following exercises:
- Želobok. To carry out the impact you want to open your mouth. It should be, to the language of the gutter shape formed. In this position, you need to begin to pronounce the letter F. During the process, you need to try to recreate a narrow jet of air. Perfect, if it passes in the middle of the trough formed by the tongue. The result is a vibration. It has a positive effect on the functioning of the vocal apparatus. As a result, gradually happening speech correction.
- therapeutic smile. Man must open his mouth wide. After that you want to pat the language of the sky. Mouth can not close. Exercise need to perform 10 time.
- Teeth cleaning. For this purpose it is to stretch the lips into a wide smile. In this position, you need to start to carry out his tongue along the inside of the tooth row. You must move smoothly. The process is carried out left and right.
- Poglaživanie. You want to open your mouth as widely as possible. When this language is placed on the lower lip. Required to start moving it from top to bottom. In fact, stroke is executed. In addition, it is worth trying to pronounce the sound P.
Exercise will help stop lisp, if done regularly. Recommended several approaches to day. This will speed up the achievement of positive results. In this age will not hinder.
If the person is an adult, it may become burred yourself. You need to engage in verbal gymnastics. The positive effect is noticeable after a few weeks of stable employment. Initially disappears lisp. Burr disappears after, but it will take more time. Engage in recommended daily. In such a burr approach disappear after 2-3 of the month. A person can gain self-confidence and become more risky. Help correct pronunciation as an adult capable of the following exercises:
- Start training. It is necessary to find the words, consisting of causing difficulty in pronouncing the letters. The Internet will be able to find a ready-made list. Suggest a list of words and speech therapist is able to during the consultation.
- slow speaking. Exercise is clearly pronouncing the syllables te-le-te. It is recommended to follow the tip of the tongue. It is necessary to get over the gums of the upper dentition. Subsequently, it will be obtained automatically. If you train on a daily basis, speech apparatus muscles become stronger. As a result, people get rid of the problem of sound speaking the.
- The use of tongue twisters. Is the name given to a special speech therapy phrase. They combine the sounds P. As a result, it helps to establish it and start talking nicely. Quite a lot of tongue twisters. They can pick up on their own. Ready to offer a list of therapist. The specialist will patter, had time to prove the effectiveness of.
- acceleration. Exercise directly opposite slow pronouncing. At the same time he used the syllables. However, you need to speak in turn with the maximum speed. It is necessary to monitor the clarity of pronunciation. It should be kept. It will prepare language, muscles and lips to the subsequent use of sounds in ordinary speech.
A set of exercises performed independently. To stop lisp, it must be repeated three times a day. Approach to the exercises you need to carefully. The only way to get rid of the problem and fix the lack of speech.
In the younger age
It is better to try to stop childhood lisp. Much depends on the family. Problems arise in multilingual families. The presence of defects in the speech of parents also influence the child's pronunciation. Faced with a similar, please refer to a speech therapist. In some cases, the dentist is able to help. Speech speech unit is able to prepare the child to correct pronunciation. Ent way to eliminate the problems with the middle and inner ear, if they are.
The dentist performs the adjustment of the dentition. If you want to, tooth extraction may be performed. If work is carried out with specialists, the child's speech quickly bounces back. He begins to speak more clearly. So that children can emit sounds and solid stop lisp, will regularly. The following exercises will help:
- lick. It is necessary to ask a child to lick the upper lip. Action is slow. The process requires to carry out smoothly. Initially, the exercise is carried out in the same direction, then the other. You need to perform on 5 repetitions in each direction.
- salacious. You need to immediately lick both lips, performing circular movements of the tongue. The action is carried out in both directions. In each need to perform on 3 repeat.
- naughty tongue. must, the child opened his mouth as widely as possible. Thus it is necessary to stick his tongue. In turn, is required to get them up to her chin and nose. If we assume touch, the effectiveness of employment increase.
- steep hill. tip of the tongue rests against the lower teeth. In this case, it is necessary to bend the arc. In this position, it is recommended to linger 5 seconds. The exercise is performed for a week. Then, the duration of exposure should be increased to 10 seconds.
The presence of speech therapy greatly complicates overcome puberty. It is therefore important to understand, how to stop burr in 14 years old. During this period, the problem may be exacerbated by self-doubt. The presence of a speech defect on the background of uncertainty in the exterior lowers self-esteem. If a person burrs, it can be closed in themselves and try to avoid speaking in public. Burr stop at this age can also be. Man will be able to begin to speak clearly, if it is subject to a number of rules:
- At least once a year and a half to visit the dentist. The state of the lips and tongue depends on the correct pronunciation. Often burr may occur due to defects. A specialist can help correct bite, to recreate the correct dentition and implement adjustments to bridle, if required.
- Talk to objects in the mouth. They should be small and round. nuts or stones are usually used. They should be thoroughly washed before use. This technique allows a long stop burr letter P. In this manner, read prose, poems or simply talk loudly. To offer to do the exercise children should not. There is a risk of swallowing objects. Adults and teenagers also need to be cautious.
- Perform exercises for speech development and training of correct pronunciation. The process is performed 3 times a day.
Teenagers fit the same exercises, as for the children. It is important to monitor the regularity and correctness of their performance. Perform any exercise is recommended before eating or after eating food. Since breakfast, dinner, dinner or snack must pass at least one hour. During this time, you can make a high-quality workout muscles palate and tongue. As a result of the defect retreat.
If a person wants to stop burr letter P, We need to understand, It is formed as a sound. To its utterance need to relax the lips. It is important to monitor the situation of the language. At the time of speaking, he rises to the front teeth, Located near their base. After that, he actually rears. If the articulation is carried out correctly, a person can feel the vibration. Check her presence they can be different. For this purpose we apply a finger at the junction of the lower jaw in the neck. Refer to a specialist is required, if the sound is not possible to say, and no vibration.
Therapy against burr
If you want to get rid of a lisp, better to resort to medical methods of struggle. Adjustment speech impediment starts with going to the doctor. Treatment of infringements has been a speech therapist. Argued, that the easiest way to get rid of problems in childhood and adolescence. However, even adults can successfully stop lisp. It requires effort. Consult a specialist is necessary and in the absence of positive changes in self-performing exercises at home. Specialists find the exact cause of speech disorders and the extent of the defect. Next set of exercises will be developed. Their selection is carried out on an individual basis.
It is recommended not to delay the visit to the doctor. With age, the problem may be exacerbated. As a result, eliminate the defect of speech without surgical intervention will be problematic. Getting rid of the problem by surgery is no different complexity. However, the transfer effects in adulthood is more difficult. Therefore it is recommended to start treatment as early as possible. In most cases it is possible to do without operation.
Self struggle with the problem
If a person wants to stop lisp, he may try to get rid of the problems at home. We have developed a series of exercises, available for independent use. They need to be repeated daily. Initially should work on language. You must learn how to manage it. Thereafter, processing continues with adjusting sound pronunciation P. Originally performed warm-up. Then begins the training directly pronunciation.
Training for automation pronunciation
If a person wants to stop lisp, enough to start correctly pronounce difficult sounds. We must learn to incorporate them into words. At first, it may be difficult. Initially should learn simple open syllables. They are consonant + vowel. It can be ru-ra-ro. To combat the problem they can be spoken in a row or at random. Syllables are alternated between a. If a child is struggling with the problem, getting used to the pronunciation of syllables should be done in a playful way. This will reduce the risk of boredom and unwillingness to continue to work on speech. So, a parent can start word, and the child to finish. Allowed to invent and other rules. Then you should start the pronunciation of words, in which complex syllables are at the top. Next syllable should be placed at the end. You can start to repeat the words of the mountain, pen, etc..
Having mastered the first stage, You can start pronouncing closed syllables. These are combinations of letters, where P is the sound at the end of. First services are pronounced separately. It is necessary to repeat the Ar, Skills, Or, etc.. When will be able to achieve a result, you can try to pronounce the syllables in words. For training it is recommended to use the following words: a tomato, sugar, wind.
When the utterance does not cause trouble, you can begin to construct sentences. After them, a person should try to learn tongue twisters and begin to pronounce them. In a similar way it is possible to master the soft sound of Pi.